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Spinal cord injuries occur when damage is introduced to the spine – causing the spine to temporarily or permanently change its prime function. Such differences in spinal support can cause a loss of muscular support or function, sensations, and mobility in the body which were once dependent on the spinal cord.

Complete vs. Incomplete

Spinal cords injuries are legally classified as "complete" when nerve damage is so extensive that incoming motor and kinetic signals are obstructed; an inability to operate whatsoever.

Incomplete spinal cord injuries occurr when some semblance of brain signals may still be traced as causing activity to the body via spinal cord.

Levels of Injury

The spinal cord is a "thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extend from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column." Wikipedia

If the injury is close to the top of the body, there may be a greater loss of functionality and sensation.


Paraplegia is defined as, "partial or complete paralysis of the lower half of the body with involvement of both legs that is usually due to injury or disease of the spinal cord in the thoracic or lumbar region" Merriam-Webster. Our lawyers can assist you with spinal cord injury and paraplegia cases – contact us today for more information.

When you have prior knowledge of the steps that need to be taken in order to win a claim, it is easier to proceed with a benefits case. PW Lawyers and our educational approach will make you feel confident in the steps taken to guarantee a positive outcome.

Paul Wilkins

Principal Partner

Paul is a member of the Ontario Trial Lawyer’s Association and the Advocates Society. Frequently involved in pursuing his clients’ claims, his areas of focus include statutory accident benefits, short term and long term disability benefits, disability claims and Canada Pension Plan disability benefits.

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